The penal code sometimes contains pitfalls that lead to much harsher penalties when certain facts apply. For example, a professional or customary offences law may subject an accused to a substantial increase in sentence if he commits a third offence of a particular type. This makes it difficult to get fine gradations for penalties. As a general rule, statutes set the highest sentences that can be imposed on certain offences, and criminal guidelines often impose the minimum and maximum sentences that must be imposed on an offender, which is then left to the discretion of the court.  However, in some legal systems, prosecutors have a great influence on the actual sentences imposed, as they will decide their decision, the offences they accuse the offender of and the facts they wish to prove, or will invite the accused to decide in a plea. It was argued that Parliament was encouraged to impose harsher sentences than they would like when they applied to the typical accused, as they would realize that the responsibility for an insufficient sentence for a particularly monstrous crime would fall to legislators, but prosecutors would be responsible for excessive sentences.  Russia`s “special trial” provisions introduced in 2001 do not involve a trial or trial between the prosecutor and the accused. Instead, an accused can accept the charges and seek a conviction without trial. The procedure is only possible for offences of up to 10 years in prison.
Judgments in such cases cannot be appealed because they do not involve the Tribunal`s findings and the merits of the case. In addition to this procedure, 2009 “preliminary procedural agreements” can be used in cases of organised crime. Such agreements are submitted to the court as part of the trial and the court may accept the agreement as evidence. If the court has found the accused guilty, it can impose a sentence of no more than half of the maximum possible sentence for the crime. The Courts of Singapore have pointed out that the procedure for settling proceedings has led to increasingly short procedures. One criminal raised concerns about the possibility of overcharging. The Attorney General has denied that the Crown is seeking excessive or insufficient sentences in the trial A sentence may also be overturned definitively in certain given cases, which generally predict many systems. The most common case concerns irregularities found during the procedure. Most of the eclatants may be in criminal cases when relevant evidence is discovered after the final sentence. A “special cooperation agreement” is a specific type of procedural agreement in Georgia. These can be concluded before or after a conviction and include situations in which the resolution of another crime depends on the cooperation of the accused/convicted person. Discussions on the proposed “special way” procedure in Indonesia have established that the provisions do not allow for sanctions between prosecutors and defendants and that this is due to suspicions of corruption.
Commentators called for the development of standards for judges to assess guilty pleas and for appropriate monitoring of the implementation of the anti-corruption protection procedure. It would appear that in Nigeria, arguments have been applied primarily in cases of financial crime.