Locarno Agreement Industrial Design

The International Bureau as depositary of the Locarno Classification shall take charge of additions and amendments which have entered into force. The amendment or addition of the Locarno classification shall be communicated to the offices of the countries of the Special Association by the International Bureau. The International Bureau also publishes announcements concerning changes and additions in journals designated by the Assembly. The JPO has experience in developing the Japanese classification for industrial designs, which is highly valued by users as a tool for searching for earlier designs. Using this experience, the JPO will strive to be proactively involved in the debate on the efforts to subdivide the Locarno Classification, in order to successfully reflect the current situation of the Japanese design industry in the work of revising the Locarno Classification. The Locarno Agreement establishes a classification for industrial designs, including products that constitute industrial designs. The Locarno Classification consists of a list of classes and subclasses, an alphabetical list of products representing industrial designs, with an indication of the classes and subclasses in which they fall and some explanations. All official documents and publications of industrial design applications and registrations now bear design classification classes and subclasses. Singapore`s accession to the Locarno Agreement is a most positive development, as the trend towards industrial design notification is increasing in Singapore and around the world. Industrial design applications doubled between 2007 and 2018 to 1.02 million in 2019, according to the WIPO report.

In Singapore, the number of registrations for international design registrations increased by 16% in 2019. The Locarno Agreement, concluded in Locarno in 1968 and amended in 1979, established an international classification for industrial designs, known as the Locarno Classification. Any member State of the trade union has the right to use the Locarno classification as a primary or secondary system. For example, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) uses the U.S. Design Classification System as the primary design classification system, while AUSPAT uses the Locarno Classification System as the primary classification system for design. The Offices of the countries of the Special Association shall contain in the official documents for the filing or registration of designs and, in the case of publications, the numbers of the classes and subclasses of the Locarno Classification, of which the products containing the designs are part. For example, USPTO provides details on U.S. design classification codes and Locarno classification codes in the case of industrial design publications. With this accession, applicants can now benefit from an international system for the design and protection of their industrial designs, with established international standards and practices. Similarly, the design research process can now be carried out quickly and easily with industrial design classifications.

The Japan Patent Office (JPO) will endeavour to improve the usability of the International Classification of Industrial Designs (hereinafter referred to as the “Locarno Nomenclature”) by following the process of revising the classification system. Locarno Classification The Locarno Classification (LOC), introduced by the Locarno Convention (1968), is an international classification used for the registration of industrial designs. Designs are divided into classes based on the type of design or product. The Locarno Classification System is based on an international agreement on the standardization of the classification of design applications and is managed by WIPO (The World Intellectual Property Organization). . . . .

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