Intellectual Rights Agreement

The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) states that “the effective enforcement of intellectual property rights is essential to maintaining economic growth in all sectors and globally.” [47] All rights in inventions and discoveries resulting from research conducted under this Agreement, with the exception of “other inventions”, belong to the institution and are sold in accordance with the institution`s directives. To the extent that the sponsor bears all costs related to the filing, monitoring, granting and maintenance of associated patents, the sponsor has the right to negotiate an exclusive, worldwide and paid license for all other inventions designed and reduced to practice during the research project or designed during the research project and designed during the research project and within six (6 months) in practice. Such a license must contain reasonable terms and royalties and requires careful monitoring of the commercial development of these other inventions by the sponsor. In addition, in the event that other inventions are developed in the course of that project but are not actually reduced to practice, such a licensing agreement may include a provision for the effective reduction of the practice within a reasonable period of time by the sponsor or by the institution funded by the sponsor. Copyright infringement is the reproduction, dissemination, display or performance of a work or the production of derivative works without the permission of the copyright owner, which is usually a publishing house or other company represented or commissioned by the creator of the work. It is often referred to as “hacking”. [66] While copyright is created at the time a work is repaired, the copyright owner can generally only receive cash damages if the owner registers the copyright. [Citation required] The enforcement of copyright is generally the responsibility of the copyright owner. [67] The ACTA Trade Agreement, signed in May 2011 by the United States, Japan, Switzerland and the European Union and which has not entered into force, requires its parties to impose criminal sanctions, including detentions and fines, for copyright and trademark infringement and require the parties to actively monitor infringements. [62] [68] There are restrictions and exceptions to copyright that allow limited use of copyrighted works, which is not an infringement. . .

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